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Chinese Globalization

What is the shape of China Global? How do Chinese transnational investments in infrastructures and production facilities effect lives worldwide? Which historical experiences and normative concepts inform Chinese strategies of globalization? How can and should the humanities and social sciences explore of the emergent worlds of a new global China? 

We take it that in the last 30 years China has transformed itself from the work-bench of the global economy to one of the centers of a new global order. Politically inward-looking and largely isolated at the end of the Maoist period, the country joined the WTO in 2001 ans its today championship a new multilateralism in international relations. 

China transformed itself from an agrarian nation into an urbanized one, with an expanding middle class and an advanced knowledge economy that attracts business and talent from all over the world. Not only did North American and European industrial production move to China, Chinese companies and universities are today globally competitive. Its investments in agricultural production, the extraction of mineral, rare earths, and precious metals, and natural resources such as oil and gas have dramatic economic, political and social implications in most regions of the Global South. 

The expansion of Chinese "spheres of exchange" has been accompanied by the creation of new political alliances, massive investments in transport infrastructure in the Global South (roads, harbors, airports, pipelines), as well as the establishment of a new Asian Infrastructure Development Bank under Chinese leadership. President Xi Jinping's "One Belt-One Road" initiative (OBOR), inauguration by in 2013, presents an encompassing strategy aiming at new global visibility and influence.

By developing transregional infrastructure projects within the transport, energy and telecommunication sector, OBOR shall eventually link up 65 countries, with 55% of the world's GNP, 70% of is population and 75% of known world-resources. Outside observers often see in OBOR China's answer to the US domination of global trade. China itself, however, represents OBOR as a project of transnational and regional cooperation for the mutual benefit of economic development and cultural exchange.